Personalized diabetes diagnosis using machine learning and electronic health records

Gowthami S., R. Venkata Siva Reddy, Mohammed Riyaz Ahmed


Diabetes mellitus (DM) poses a significant health challenge globally, necessitating accurate and timely diagnosis for effective management. Conventional diagnostic methods often struggle to address the multifaceted nature of diabetes and the requisite lifestyle adjustments. In this study, we propose a data-driven approach utilizing machine learning techniques to enhance diabetes diagnosis. By leveraging extensive patient attributes and medical records, machine learning algorithms can uncover intricate patterns and correlations. Our methodology, validated on the PIMA India dataset, demonstrates promising results. The random forest model achieved the highest accuracy of 87%, followed closely by gradient boost at 90%. Notably, XGBoost and CATBoost models attained a peak accuracy of 90.9%. These findings underscore the potential of machine learning in transforming diabetes diagnosis. Beyond improving diagnostic accuracy, our approach aims to guide individuals towards healthier lifestyles. Intelligent systems driven by machine learning hold promise for revolutionizing diabetes management, ultimately leading to better patient outcomes and more effective health care delivery.


Diabetes diagnosis; Diabetes mellitus; Early diagnosis; Intelligent systems; Machine learning

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).