Optimizing credit card fraud detection: a deep learning approach to imbalanced datasets

Oussama Ndama, Ismail Bensassi, El Mokhtar En-Naimi


Imbalanced datasets pose a significant challenge in credit card fraud detection, hindering the training effectiveness of models due to the scarcity of fraudulent cases. This study addresses the critical problem of data imbalance through an in-depth exploration of techniques, including cross-entropy loss minimization, weighted optimization, and synthetic minority oversampling technique-based resampling, coupled with deep neural networks (DNNs). The urgent need to combat class imbalances in credit card fraud datasets is underscored, emphasizing the creation of reliable detection models. The research method delves into the application of DNNs, strategically optimizing and resampling the dataset to enhance model performance. The study employs a dataset from October 2018, containing 284,807 transactions, with a mere 492 classified as fraudulent. Various resampling techniques, such as undersampling and SMOTE oversampling, are evaluated alongside weighted optimization. The results showcase the effectiveness of SMOTE oversampling, achieving an accuracy of 99.83% without any false negatives. The study concludes by advocating for flexible strategies, integrating cutting-edge machine learning methods, and developing adaptive defenses to safeguard against emerging financial risks in credit card fraud detection.


Deep neural networks; Fraud detection; Imbalanced datasets; Optimization; Resampling

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v14i4.pp4802-4814

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).