Drone direction estimation: phase method with two-channel direction finder

Indira Kozhabayeva, Assel Yerzhan, Pavel Boykachev, Zhanat Manbetova, Manat Imankul, Builou Yauheni, Andrey Solonar, Pavel Dunayev


This scientific article presents a block diagram of a two-channel radio direction finder that effectively uses the phase method to determine the direction of the signal source. The main attention is paid to the mathematical model of the formation of the cardioid radiation pattern of biconical antennas, which have unique directivity characteristics. These features significantly affect the accuracy and reliability of the bearing determination process. The developed algorithm aims to accurately determine the direction of motion of an unmanned aerial vehicle, especially in the context of a two-channel radio receiver and a five-element antenna system. This antenna system provides unique capabilities for increased resolution and directional accuracy. The article also touches on the issue of software implementation of the developed algorithm, which is aimed at increasing the number of generated bearing estimates in conditions of limited time for observing an unmanned aerial vehicle. Thus, the proposed method is of interest in the field of precision direction finding in the context of small unmanned vehicles.


Antenna system; Averaging of bearing estimates; Bearing estimation algorithm; Sliding buffer; Unmanned aerial vehicle

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v14i3.pp2779-2789

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).