Network intrusion detection system by applying ensemble model for smart home

Malothu Amru, Raju Jagadeesh Kannan, Enthrakandi Narasimhan Ganesh, Surulivelu Muthumarilakshmi, Kuppan Padmanaban, Jeyaprakash Jeyapriya, Subbiah Murugan


The exponential advancements in recent technologies for surveillance become an important part of life. Though the internet of things (IoT) has gained more attention to develop smart infrastructure, it also provides a large attack surface for intruders. Therefore, it requires identifying the attacks as soon as possible to provide a secure environment. In this work, the network intrusion detection system, by applying the ensemble model (NIDSE) for Smart Homes is designed to identify the attacks in the smart home devices. The problem of classifying attacks is considered a classification predictive modeling using eXtreme gradient boosting (XGBoosting). It is an ensemble approach where the models are added sequentially to correct the errors until no further improvements or high performance can be made. The performance of the NIDSE is tested on the IoT network intrusion (IoT-NI) dataset. It has various types of network attacks, including host discovery, synchronized sequence number (SYN), acknowledgment (ACK), and hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) flooding. Results from the cross-validation approach show that the XGBoosting classifier classifies the nine attacks with micro average precision of 94% and macro average precision of 85%.


Gradient boosting; Intrusion detection; Mirai attacks; Multi-class prediction; Smart home systems

Full Text:



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).