Pedestrian level of service for sidewalks in Tangier City

Marwane Benhadou, Amina El Gonnouni, Abdelouahid Lyhyaoui


The pedestrian level of service (PLOS) is a measure that quantifies walkway comfort levels. PLOS defined into six categories (A, B, C, D, E, and F) each level defines the range of values, for example, a good level (best traffic condition) is defined with the letter A until reaching the worst level, F (high congestion). This article aims to define the PLOS on sidewalks considering walking conditions in Tangier City (Morocco). Sidewalks are analyzed using video recording in the urban center of Tangier City. The collected data are pedestrian flow and effective sidewalk width. Each level contains a range of values that corresponds to the pedestrian flow that defines the level of service. Clustering techniques are used to identify the threshold of each level using a self-organizing map (SOM). The results are different from those obtained with other methods because pedestrian traffic differs from country to country.


Artificial neural network; Morocco; Pedestrian level of service; Pedestrian walking; Self-organizing map; Unsupervised learning;

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).