Analysis of interference methods on transformers based on the results of dissolved gas analysis tests

Yulianta Siregar, Timothy Juan Hartanto Lumbanraja


In the operation of the power transformer, several maintenance efforts must be made to ensure the condition of the transformer is in good condition. The problems that usually arise are a thermal failure and electrical failure. The use of insulating media such as transformer oil and transformer insulation paper can be disrupted by this failure. Dissolved gas analysis, which identifies the types and concentrations of dissolved gas in transformer oil, can reveal details on fault indicators in power transformers (DGA). In this study, we used the interpretation of the IEEE std 2008-C57.104 (total dissolved combustible gas (TDCG), key gas, Rogers ratio method), the interpretation of IEC 2015-60599 (Duval triangle and basic gas ratio method), and the IEEE Std 2019-C57.104 interpretation (Duval pentagon method). The outcome of the DGA test is used to determine the conditions and indications of disturbances in the transformer for power. Using various gas analysis techniques also impacts the outcome of the fault indication. This variation has affected the types of gas used in the computation and the gas concentration limit value estimation. After the gas analysis, it was found that the oil purification process was also proven to reduce the concentration of combustible gases.


dissolved gas analysis; electrical failure; gas ratio; power transformer; thermal failure;

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).