Segmentation of optic disc in retinal images for glaucoma diagnosis by saliency level set with enhanced active contour model

Sobia Naz, Kabbinale Ananda Radhakrishna Rao


Glaucoma is an ophthalmic disease which is among the chief causes of visual impairment across the globe. The clarity of the optic disc (OD) is crucial for recognizing glaucoma. Since existing methods are unable to successfully integrate multi-view information derived from shape and appearance to precisely explain OD for segmentation, this paper proposes a saliency-based level set with an enhanced active contour method (SL-EACM), a modified locally statistical active contour model, and entropy-based optical disc localization. The significant contributions are that i) the SL-EACM is introduced to address the often noticed problem of intensity inhomogeneity brought on by defects in imaging equipment or fluctuations in lighting; ii) to prevent the integrity of the OD structures from being compromised by pathological alterations and artery blockage, local image probability data is included from a multi-dimensional feature space around the region of interest in the model; and iii) the model incorporates prior shape information into the technique, for enhancing the accuracy in identifying the OD structures from surrounding regions. Public databases such as CHASE_DB, DRIONS-DB, and Drishti-GS are used to evaluate the proposed model. The findings from numerous trials demonstrate that the proposed model outperforms state-of-the-art approaches in terms of qualitative and quantitative outcomes.


active contour model; entropy; level set; modified locally statistical active contour model; optical disc; saliency-based level set with enhanced active contour method;

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578