Ameliorate the performance using soft computing approaches in wireless networks

Chandrika Dadhirao, Ravi Sankar Sangam


Wireless sensor networks are an innovative and rapidly advanced network occupying the broad spectrum of wireless networks. It works on the principle of “use with less expense, effort and with more comfort.” In these networks, routing provides efficient and effective data transmission between different sources to access points using the clustering technique. This work addresses the low-energy adaptive clustering hierarchy (LEACH) protocol’s main backdrop of choosing head nodes based on a random value. In this, the soft computing methods are used, namely the fuzzy approach, to overcome this barrier in LEACH. Our approach’s primary goal is to extend the network lifetime with efficient energy consumption and by choosing the appropriate head node in each cluster based on the fuzzy parameters. The proposed clustering algorithm focused on two fuzzy inference structures, namely Mamdani and Sugeno fuzzy logic models in two scenarios, respectively. We compared our approach with four existing works, the conventional LEACH, LEACH using the fuzzy method, multicriteria cluster head delegation, and fuzzy-based energy efficient clustering approach (FEECA) in wireless sensor network. The proposed scenario based fuzzy LEACH protocol approaches are better than the four existing methods regarding stability, network survivability, and energy consumption.


Energy efficiency; Head node; Mamdani; Network lifetime; Sugeno; Wireless sensor networks routing protocol

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).