Estimation of bit error rate in 2×2 and 4×4 multi-input multi-output-orthogonal frequency division multiplexing systems

Mokkapati Ravi Kumar, Jagupilla Lakshmi Prasanna, Aravindhan Alagarsamy, Tadiboyina Mouni Pravallika, Kandimalla Jyothsna, Pushadapu Hima Sindhuja, Chella Santhosh


Multiple-input, multiple-output orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (MIMO-OFDM) systems with multiple input antennas and multiple output antennas in dynamic environments face the challenge of channel estimation. To overcome this challenge and to improve the performance and signal-to-noise ratio, in this paper we used the Kalman filter for the correct estimation of the signal in dynamic environments. To obtain the original signal at the receiver end bit error rate factor plays a major role. If the signal to noise ratio is high and the bit error rate is low then signal strength is high, the signal received at the receiver end is almost similar to the ith transmitted signal. The dynamic tracking characteristic of Kalman filter is used to establish a dynamic space-time codeword and a collection of orthogonal pilot sequences to prevent interference among transmissions in this paper. Using the simulation, the Kalman filter method can be compared to the other channel estimation method presented in this paper that can track time-varying channels rapidly.


Channel estimation; Kalman filter; Multiple input and multiple outputs; Orthogonal frequency division modulation; Pilot sequences

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).