Improvement of binarization performance using local otsu thresholding

Khairun Saddami, Khairul Munadi, Yuwaldi Away, Fitri Arnia


Ancient document usually contains multiple noises such as uneven-background, show-through, water-spilling, spots, and blur text. The noise will affect the binarization process. Binarization is an extremely important process in image processing, especially for character recognition. This paper presents an improvement to Nina binarization technique. Improvements were achieved by reducing processing steps and replacing median filtering by Wiener filtering. First, the document background was approximated by using Wiener filter, and then image subtraction was applied. Furthermore, the manuscript contrast was adjusted by mapping intensity of image value using intensity transformation method. Next, the local Otsu thresholding was applied. For removing spotting noise, we applied labeled connected component. The proposed method had been testing on H-DIBCO 2014 and degraded Jawi handwritten ancient documents. It performed better regarding recall and precision values, as compared to Otsu, Niblack, Sauvola, Lu, Su, and Nina, especially in the documents with show-through, water-spilling and combination noises.


handwritten jawi document; ancient document binarization; local otsu thresholding; Improved binarization method

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).