Parameter Extraction of PV Module using NLS Algorithm with Experimental Validation

Alivarani Mohapatra, Byamakesh Nayak, K.B. Mohanty


Photovoltaic (PV) module parameters act an important task in PV system design and simulation. Most popularly used single diode Rsh model has five unknown electrical parameters such as series resistance (Rse), shunt resistance (Rsh), diode quality factor (a), photo-generated current (Ipg) and dark saturation current (Is) in the mathematical model of PV module. The PV module output voltage and current relationship is represented by a transcendental equation and is not possible to solve analytically. This paper proposes nonlinear least square (NLS) technique to extract five unknown parameters. The proposed technique is compared with other two popular techniques available in the literature such as Villalva’s comprehensive technique and modified Newton-Raphson (N-R) technique. Only two parameters Rse and Rsh are estimated by Villalva’s technique, but all single diode unknown electrical parameters can be estimated by the NLS technique. The accuracy of different estimation techniques is compared in terms of absolute percentage errors at MPP and is found the minimum for the proposed technique. The elapsed time for parameter estimation for NLS technique is minimum and much less compared to other two techniques. Extracted parameters of polycrystalline ELDORA-40 PV panel by the proposed technique have been validated through simulation and experimental current-voltage (I-V) and power-voltage (P-V) characteristics.


electrical characteristic, maximum power point (MPP), nonlinear least square method , parameter extraction, polycrystalline ELDORA-40 PV panel,

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).