Experimental analysis for comparison of wireless transmission technologies: Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, ZigBee and LoRa for mobile multi-robot in hostile sites

Tamali Abderrahmane, Amardjia Nourredine, Tamali Mohammed


This research paper conducts a thorough comparison of four prominent transmission technologies suitable for mobile robots operating in challenging environments. Emphasizing key factors such as signal strength, noise resistance, and data transfer efficiency, the study aims to identify the optimal communication solution in hostile conditions. The exploration delves into the intricacies of received signal strength indication (RSSI) and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), revealing distinctive traits and trade-offs among the technologies. Navigating through the complexities of frequency bands, modulation types, and communication topologies, the paper examines the impact of obstacles, energy consumption dynamics, and potential real-world applications. Beyond contributing to the fields of robotics and communication, the study offers practical insights for stakeholders seeking resilient and efficient transmission methods for mobile robotic applications. Advocating for long range (LoRa) as the preferred transmission technology in hostile environments, the paper highlights its unmatched immunity to noise, stability, and minimal energy consumption. These findings provide valuable guidance for technology choices in collaborative mobile robot operations under challenging conditions. This research sets the stage for future developments in robotic communication, underscoring the crucial role of selecting the right transmission means for mission-critical applications in hostile environments.


Data rate; Hostile site; Mobile robots; Received signal strength indication; Signal to noise ratio; Wireless transmissions

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v14i3.pp2753-2761

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).