Ad hoc wireless network implementing BEE-LEACH

Arun Kumar, Sumit Chakravarthy, Nishant Gaur, Aziz Nanthaamornphong


Adaptations have been key to the development and advancement of the low energy adaptive clustering hierarchy (LEACH) protocol. Presented is an alteration to the traditional LEACH, low energy adaptive clustering hierarchy, algorithm. This algorithm focuses on the battery life optimization of sensors within a wireless sensor network (WSN). These sensors will be grouped into clusters with the aim of maximizing the battery life of the overall system by sorting each sensor by residual energy and assigning the highest residual energy the role of cluster head. The protocol will then assign sensors to cluster heads based on distance relative to the head. This algorithm achieves the goal of extending battery life and offers itself as a promising alternative to standard LEACH algorithms. The algorithm is tested by comparing sensor battery life, total sensors communicating at a given time, and sensors with residual energy. This paper addresses the strengths and vulnerabilities of the algorithm, as well as proposed work for further implementation for the following groups looking to create their own LEACH protocol.


Low energy adaptive clustering hierarchy; Wireless communication; Wireless sensor network; BEE-LEACH; Bee colony optimization

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).