Enhancing battery system identification: nonlinear autoregressive modeling for Li-ion batteries

Meriem Mossaddek, El Mehdi Laadissi, Chouaib Ennawaoui, Sohaib Bouzaid, Abdelowahed Hajjaji


Precisely characterizing Li-ion batteries is essential for optimizing their performance, enhancing safety, and prolonging their lifespan across various applications, such as electric vehicles and renewable energy systems. This article introduces an innovative nonlinear methodology for system identification of a Li-ion battery, employing a nonlinear autoregressive with exogenous inputs (NARX) model. The proposed approach integrates the benefits of nonlinear modeling with the adaptability of the NARX structure, facilitating a more comprehensive representation of the intricate electrochemical processes within the battery. Experimental data collected from a Li-ion battery operating under diverse scenarios are employed to validate the effectiveness of the proposed methodology. The identified NARX model exhibits superior accuracy in predicting the battery's behavior compared to traditional linear models. This study underscores the importance of accounting for nonlinearities in battery modeling, providing insights into the intricate relationships between state-of-charge, voltage, and current under dynamic conditions.


Artificial neural network; Electric vehicle; Lithium-ion; Modeling; Nonlinear autoregressive models with exogenous inputs; State of charge

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v14i3.pp2449-2456

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).