Expert system for diagnosing learning disorders in children

Laberiano Andrade-Arenas, Cesar Yactayo-Arias


Given the urgent need for early detection of learning disorders such as dysgraphia, dyslexia, and dyscalculia in children, this study aimed to evaluate an expert system developed in Python to facilitate early diagnosis of these disorders. The background highlights the importance of providing parents, educators, and health professionals with an effective tool for early detection of these disorders. In 21 simulated cases, the system showed impressive performance with an accuracy rate of 95%, a precision of 100%, a sensitivity of 93%, and a specificity of 100%. Furthermore, the acceptability evaluation, conducted with 15 parents selected by convenience sampling, showed a high level of satisfaction, with an overall mean of 4.78 and a standard deviation of 0.45, indicating consistency in responses. In conclusion, this study confirms the effectiveness of the expert system in the early diagnosis of learning disabilities, providing parents, educators, and health professionals with a valuable tool. Despite these encouraging results, the need for additional research is recognized to address limitations and improve the external validity of the system to ensure its widespread utility and adaptability in real clinical settings.


Dyscalculia; Dysgraphia; Dyslexia; Expert system; Learning disorders

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).