Probability distributions in Kerala’s rainfall: implications for hydro energy planning

Balakrishnan Baranitharan, Karthik Chandran, Vaithilingam Subramaniyan Mathan, Subrata Chowdhury, Thu Nguyen Thi, Duc-Tan Tran


Heavy rainfall has consistently acted as the primary catalyst for floods, resulting in numerous casualties and significant economic losses globally. Rainfall forecasting is accomplished by analysing existing rainfall data, which is then used to analyse the hydraulic system’s features. Gaining an understanding of rainfall requirements is a crucial challenge for every location, particularly in the case of India, given its diverse geographical area, population, and other influencing factors that impact various demands. This study evaluated the rainfall data for a span of 1990-2021 in six districts of Kerala State, India. To match the rainfall data from all districts, we utilized both Kaumarasamy-distribution and Dagum-distributions. Various Probabilistic tests, were employed to comparing these distributions. The results revealed that, in Kasargod, the Kumarasamy distribution demonstrates superior goodness-of-fit with the lowest Kolmogorov-Smirnov statistic (0.0597) and Anderson-darling statistic (2.271). However, in Wayanad, Malappuram, Palakkad, Idukki, and Trivandrum, the Dagum distribution consistently exhibits the most accurate fit, evident from its lowest Kolmogorov-Smirnov statistics (0.07447, 0.05435, 0.0556, 0.03636, 0.04291) and favourable Chi-Squared statistics (19.471, 8.4907, 19.239, 5.7318, 7.5297). These results emphasize the regional variation in precipitation data and the suitability of specific distribution models for accurate representation across differentlocations.


Dagum-distributions; Kaumarasamy-distribution; Probability distribution; Rainfall analysis; Rainfall data; Rainfall requirements; Statistics

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).