Analyzing electroencephalograph signals for early Alzheimer’s disease detection: deep learning vs. traditional machine learning approaches

Sachin M. Elgandelwar, Vinayak Bairagi, Shridevi S. Vasekar, Aziz Nanthaamornphong, Priyanka Tupe-Waghmare


Alzheimer’s disease (AD) stands as a progressive neurodegenerative disorder with a significant global public health impact. It is imperative to establish early and accurate diagnoses of AD to facilitate effective interventions and treatments. Recent years have witnessed the emergence of machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) techniques, displaying promise in various medical domains, including AD diagnosis. This study undertakes a comprehensive contrast between conventional machine learning methods and advanced deep learning strategies for early AD diagnosis. Conventional ML algorithms like support vector machines, decision trees, and K nearest neighbor have been extensively employed for AD diagnosis through relevant feature extraction from heterogeneous data sources. Conversely, deep learning techniques such as multilayer perceptron (MLP) and convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have demonstrated exceptional aptitude in autonomously uncovering intricate patterns and representations from unprocessed data like EEG data. The findings reveal that while traditional ML methods may perform adequately with limited data, deep learning techniques excel when ample data is available, showcasing their potential for early and precise AD diagnosis. In conclusion, this research paper contributes to the ongoing discourse surrounding the choice of appropriate methodologies for early Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis.


Alzheimer’s disease; Deep learning; Dementia; Electroencephalograph signal; Machine learning; Neurodegenerative

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).