A deep learning framework for accurate diagnosis of colorectal cancer using histological images

Maria M. Attia, Nihal Fayez F. Areed, Hanan M. Amer, Mervat El-Seddek


Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most prevalent malignancies worldwide, with high mortality and incidence rates. Early detection of the disease may increase the probability of survival, making it critical to develop effective procedures for precise treatment. In the past few years, there has been an increased use of deep learning techniques in image classification that aid in the detection of various types of cancer. In this study, convolutional neural network (CNN) models were used to classify colorectal cancer into benign and malignant. After applying various data preprocessing techniques to the image dataset, we evaluated our prototypes using three distinct subsets of testing data, representing 20%, 30%, and 40% of the total dataset. Additionally, four pre-trained CNN models (ResNet-18, ResNet-50, GoogLeNet, and MobileNetV2) were trained, and the network architectural techniques were compared by applying the Adam optimizer. Finally, we assessed the performance of algorithms in terms of accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, precision, F1-score, and area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC). In this research, deep learning approaches demonstrated high efficacy in accurately diagnosing colorectal cancer. This indicates that these techniques have an important and significant value for advancing medical research.


Colorectal cancer; Convolutional neural networks; Data preprocessing; Deep learning; Image classification

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v14i2.pp2167-2180

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).