Hybridization of the Q-learning and honey bee foraging algorithms for load balancing in cloud environments

Adeyinka Ajao Adewale, Oghorchukwuyem Obiazi, Kennedy Okokpujie, Omiloli Koto


Load balancing (LB) is very critical in cloud computing because it keeps nodes from being overloading while others are idle or underutilized. Maintaining the quality of service (QoS) characteristics like response time, throughput, cost, makespan, resource utilization, and runtime is difficult in cloud computing due to load balancing. A robust resource allocation strategy contributes to the end user receiving high-quality cloud computing services. An effective LB strategy should improve and deliver required user satisfaction by efficiently using the resources of virtual machines (VM). The Q-learning method and the honey bee foraging load balancing algorithm were combined in this study. This hybrid combination of a load balancing algorithm and a machine learning method has reduced the runtime of load balancing activities and makespan, and increased task throughput in a cloud computing environment thereby enhancing routing activities. It achieved this by continuously tracking the usage histories of the VMs and altering the usage matrix to send jobs to the VMs with the best usage histories.


Cloud computing; Honey bee foraging; Load balancing; Q-learning; Throughput

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v14i4.pp4602-4615

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).