Pilot based channel estimation improvement in orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing systems using linear predictive coding

Sarah Saleh Idan, Mohammed Kasim Al-Haddad


Pilot based least square (LS) channel estimation is a commonly used channel estimation technique in orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing based systems due to its simplicity. However, LS estimation does not handle the noise effect and hence suffers from performance degradation. Since the channel coefficients are correlated in time and hence show a slower variation than the noise, it is possible to encode the channel using linear predictive coding (LPC) without the noise. In this work, the channel is estimated from the pilots using LS estimation and in a second step the channel’s LS estimated is encoded as LPC coefficients to produce an improved channel estimation. The estimation technique is simulated for space-time block coding (STBC) based orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) system and the bit error rate (BER) curves show improvement of the LPC estimation over the LS estimation of the channel.


Channel estimation; Least squares; Linear predictive coding; Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing; Pilots; Space-time block code

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v14i1.pp418-425

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).