A rule-based machine learning model for financial fraud detection

Saiful Islam, Md. Mokammel Haque, Abu Naser Mohammad Rezaul Karim


Financial fraud is a growing problem that poses a significant threat to the banking industry, the government sector, and the public. In response, financial institutions must continuously improve their fraud detection systems. Although preventative and security precautions are implemented to reduce financial fraud, criminals are constantly adapting and devising new ways to evade fraud prevention systems. The classification of transactions as legitimate or fraudulent poses a significant challenge for existing classification models due to highly imbalanced datasets. This research aims to develop rules to detect fraud transactions that do not involve any resampling technique. The effectiveness of the rule-based model (RBM) is assessed using a variety of metrics such as accuracy, specificity, precision, recall, confusion matrix, Matthew’s correlation coefficient (MCC), and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) values. The proposed rule-based model is compared to several existing machine learning models such as random forest (RF), decision tree (DT), multi-layer perceptron (MLP), k-nearest neighbor (KNN), naive Bayes (NB), and logistic regression (LR) using two benchmark datasets. The results of the experiment show that the proposed rule-based model beat the other methods, reaching accuracy and precision of 0.99 and 0.99, respectively.


Data resampling; Fraud detection; Machine learning; Rule generation; Support confidence;

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v14i1.pp759-771

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).