Accuracy study of image classification for reverse vending machine waste segregation using convolutional neural network

Tan Hor Yan, Sazuan Nazrah Mohd Azam, Zamani Md. Sani, Azizul Azizan


This study aims to create a sorting system with high accuracy that can classify various beverage containers based on types and separate them accordingly. This reverse vending machine (RVM) provides an image classification method and allows for recycling three types of beverage containers: drink carton boxes, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles, and aluminium cans. The image classification method used in this project is transfer learning with convolutional neural networks (CNN). AlexNet, GoogLeNet, DenseNet201, InceptionResNetV2, InceptionV3, MobileNetV2, XceptionNet, ShuffleNet, ResNet 18, ResNet 50, and ResNet 101 are the neural networks that used in this project. This project will compare the F1-score and computational time among the eleven networks. The F1-score and computational time of image classification differs for each neural network. In this project, the AlexNet network gave the best F1-score, 97.50% with the shortest computational time, 2229.235 s among the eleven neural networks.


Accuracy analysis; Convolutional neural networks; Image classification; Reverse vending machine; Transfer learning

Full Text:



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).