A 1.8 V 25 Mbps CMOS single-phase, phase-locked loop-based BPSK, QPSK demodulator

Chutpipat Chaichomnan, Phanumas Khumsat


A single-phase binary/quadrature phase-shift keying (BPSK/QPSK) demodulator basing on a phase-locked loop (PLL) is described. The demodulator relies on a linear characteristic a rising-edge RESET/SET flip-flop (RSFF) employed as a phase detector. The phase controller takes the average output from the RSFF and performs a sub-ranging/re-scaling operation to provide an input signal to a voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO). The demodulator is truly modular which theoretically can be extended for a multiple-PSK (m-PSK) signal. Symbol-error rate analysis has also been extensively carried out. The proposed BPSK and QPSK demodulators have been fabricated in a 0.18-mm digital complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) process where they operate from a single supply of 1.8 V. At a carrier frequency of 60 MHz, the BPSK and QPSK demodulators achieved maximum symbol rates of 25 and 12.5 Msymb/s while consuming 0.68 and 0.79 mW, respectively. At these maximum symbol rates, the BPSK and QPSK demodulators deliver symbol-error rates less than 7.9×10-10 and 9.8×10-10, respectively where their corresponding energy per bit figures were at 27.2 and 31.7 pJ.


binary phase-shift keying; costas loop; demodulator; phase controller; phase-locked loop; quadrature phase-shift keying; symbol-error rate

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v13i6.pp6102-6117

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).