An effective feature selection using improved marine predators algorithm for Alzheimer’s disease classification

Preeti Sadanand Topannavar, Dinkar M. Yadav


Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is an irremediable neurodegenerative illness developed by the fast deterioration of brain cells. AD is mostly common in elder people and it extremely disturbs the physical and mental health of patients, therefore early detection is essential to prevent AD development. However, the precise detection of AD and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is difficult during classification. In this paper, the Residual network i.e., ResNet-18 is used for extracting the features, and the proposed improved marine predators algorithm (IMPA) is developed for choosing the optimum features to perform an effective classification of AD. The multi-verse optimizer (MVO) used in the IMPA helps to balance exploration and exploitation, which leads to the selection of optimal relevant features. Further, the classification of AD is accomplished using the multiclass support vector machine (MSVM). Open access series of imaging studies-1 (OASIS-1) and Alzheimer disease neuroimaging initiative (ADNI) datasets are used to evaluate the IMPA-MSVM method. The performance of the IMPA-MSVM method is analyzed using accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and matthews correlation coefficient (MCC). The existing methods such as the deep learning-based segmenting method using SegNet (DLSS), mish activation function (MAF) with spatial transformer network (STN) and BrainNet2D are used to evaluate the IMPA-MSVM method. The accuracy of IMPA-MSVM for the ADNI dataset is 98.43% which is more when compared to the DLSS and MAF-STN.


Alzheimer’s disease; feature selection; improved marine predators algorithm; multiclass support vector machine; Resnet-18;

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).