Drone’s node placement algorithm with routing protocols to enhance surveillance

Emmanuel Kasai Akut, Aliyu Danjuma Usman, Kabir Ahmad Abubilal, Habeeb Bello, Ahmed Tijani Salawudeen, Abdulmalik Shehu Yaro


Flying ad-hoc network (FANET) is characterized by key component features such as communication scheme, energy awareness, and task distribution. In this research, a surveillance space considering standard petroleum pipe was created with three drones viz: drone 1 (D1), master drone (DM), and drone 2 (D2) to survey as FANET. DM aggregate packets from D1, D2 and communicate with the static ground control station (SGCS). The starting point of the three drones and their trajectories during deployment were calculated and simulated. Selection of DM, D1, and D2 was done using battery level before take-off. Simulation results show take-off time difference which depends on the distance of each drone to the SGCS during deployment. D1 take-off first, while DM and D2 followed after 0.0704 and 0.1314 ms respectively. The position-oriented routing protocols results indicated variation of information flow within time notch due to variation in the density of the transmitted packets. Packets delivery periods are 0.00136×103 sec, 0.00110×103 sec, and 0.00246×103 sec for time notch 1, 2, and aggregating time notch respectively. From the results obtained, two algorithms were used successfully in deploying the drones


data-aggregation; deployment; flying ad-hoc network; protocol; routing; surveillance; unmanned aerial vehicle;

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v13i4.pp4194-4203

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).