Active vibration control of flexible beam system based on cuckoo search algorithm

Aida Nur Syafiqah Shaari, Muhamad Sukri Hadi, Abdul Malek Abdul Wahab, Rickey Ting Pek Eek, Intan Zaurah Mat Darus

Abstract


A flexible beam is recognized as a lightweight structure that is prone to excessive vibration, resulting in poor performance. Thus, controlling unwanted vibration is necessary to maintain the system’s performance. Therefore, this study presents a technique to suppress undesired vibration in a flexible beam structure by introducing active vibration control (AVC). However, to develop an effective controller, an appropriate flexible beam model must first be obtained. In recent times, one of the best methods employed to model a flexible beam structure is system identification via a swarm intelligence algorithm. In this study, an intelligent algorithm acknowledged as cuckoo search (CS) was acquainted. The capability of the proposed algorithm was verified using three robustness techniques which were correlation test, pole-zero diagrams and mean square error (MSE). The simulation result showed that the CS algorithm achieved superior performance by achieving the lowest MSE of 6.1547x10-9, a correlation test between a 95% confidence level and high stability. Next, a proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller tuned by the Ziegler-Nichols method was developed using the transfer function accomplished from the CS model. Two types of interference, namely single and multiple sine waves were introduced to validate the effectiveness of the controller. The controller successfully achieved a 30.2 dB of attenuation level for both disturbances.


Keywords


active vibration control; cuckoo search algorithm; flexible beam; modelling; swarm intelligence algorithm;



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v13i2.pp%25p

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578