Pedestrian classification on transfer learning based deep convolutional neural network for partial occlusion handling

May Thu, Nikom Suvonvorn, Nichnan Kittiphattanabawon


The investigation of a deep neural network for pedestrian classification using transfer learning methods is proposed in this study. The development of deep convolutional neural networks has significantly improved the autonomous driver assistance system for pedestrian classification. However, the presence of partially occluded parts and the appearance variation under complex scenes are still robust to challenge in the pedestrian detection system. To address this problem, we proposed six transfer learning models: end-to-end convolutional neural network (CNN) model, scratch-trained residual network (ResNet50) model, and four transfer learning models: visual geometry group 16 (VGG16), GoogLeNet (InceptionV3), ResNet50, and MobileNet. The performance of the pedestrian classification was evaluated using four publicly datasets: Institut National de Recherche en Sciences et Technologies du Numérique (INRIA), Prince of Songkla University (PSU), CVC05, and Walailak University (WU) datasets. The experimental results show that six transfer learning models achieve classification accuracy of 65.2% (end-to-end CNN), 92.92% (scratch-trained ResNet50), 97.15% (pre-trained VGG16), 94.39% (pre-trained InceptionV3), 90.43% (pre-trained ResNet50), and 98.69% (pre-trained MobileNet) using data from Southern Thailand (PSU dataset). Further analysis reveals that the deeper the ConvNet architecture, the more specific information of features is provided. In addition, the deep ConvNet architecture can distinguish pedestrian occluded patterns while being trained with partially occluded parts of data samples.


convolutional neural network; partial occlusion handling; pedestrian; pedestrian dataset; transfer learning;

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578