Randomness properties of sequence generated using logistic map with novel permutation and substitution techniques

Pushpalatha Gopalakrishna Saraswathy, Ramesh Siddaiah


In this paper, a design of a chaos-based keystream generator (KSG) using a novel permutation technique with various two-dimensional patterns and a substitution technique with Z4 mapping is proposed. Initially, a chaotic function such as a logistic map is used to generate a pseudo-random number. Then these numbers are converted into binary sequences using binary mapping. In order to achieve statistical properties of the resultant binary sequences, a novel method of KSG is developed by considering parameters such as initial value “x0”, system parameter “r”, novel permutation techniques defined by 2-dimensional patterns, and substitution technique defined over Z4 transformation. The binary sequences so obtained are subjected to randomness tests by applying the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) SP-800-22 (Revision 1a) test suite for investigation of its randomness properties to obtain suitable sequences which can be used as a key for cryptographic applications. From the results obtained, it is found that the binary sequences exhibit better randomness properties as per the cryptographic requirements.


chaos cryptography; permutation technique; random number generation statistical tests; substitution technique;

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v13i4.pp4369-4378

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).