A new linear quadratic regulator model to mitigate frequency disturbances in the power system during cyber-attack

Muhammad Musleh Uddin, Kazi Rafiqul Islam, Md. Monirul Kabir


This paper proposes a new model integrating a linear quadratic regulator (LQR) controller to mitigate frequency disturbances in the power system during cyber-attack, called as linear quadratic regulator to mitigate frequency disturbances (LQRMFD). As we know, most of the existing models have a common problem with achieving significant performances in mitigating dynamic response parameters, such as frequency deviation and settling time. However, the key aspect of LQRMFD is to mitigate the above issues with remarkable performance improvements. An uncommon and stable power system model has been considered in LQRMFD first to reach such a goal. A numerical problem has been solved to derive a certain characteristic equation, where the Routh-Hurwitz array criterion is applied for determining the stability of such a power system. After that, a state-space equation is developed from the power system to activate the LQR controller. Thus, achieving diversity and eliminating the redundancy of the power system considered can be obtained in LQRMFD. To evaluate the performance of LQRMFD, a series of experiments was conducted using the MATLAB-Simulink tool. Rigorous comparisons were also made among the results of LQRMFD, self-implemented and existing models. Furthermore, a detailed analysis was reported among those models to find the performance improvement of LQRMFD in percentage.


automatic generation control; cyber-attack and cyber-security; linear quadratic regulator; load frequency control; proportional-integral-derivative;

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v13i4.pp3631-3640

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).