Precise identification of objects in a hyperspectral image by characterizing the distribution of pure signatures

Soumyashree M Panchal, Shivaputra Shivaputra

Abstract


Hyperspectral image (HSI) has been widely adopted in many real-world applications due to its potential to provide detailed information from spectral and spatial data in each pixel. However, precise classification of an object from HSI is challenging due to complex and highly correlated features that exhibit a nonlinear relationship between the acquired spectral unique to the HSI object. In literature, many research works have been conducted to address this problem. However, the problem of processing high-dimensional data and achieving the best resolution factor for any set of regions remains to be evolved with a suitable strategy. Therefore, the proposed study introduces simplified modeling of the hyperspectral image in which precise detection of regions is carried out based on the characterization of pure signatures based on the estimation of the maximum pixel mixing ratio. Moreover, the proposed system emphasizes the pixel unmixing problem, where input data is processed concerning wavelength computation, feature extraction, and hypercube construction. Further, a non-iterative matrix-based operation with a linear square method is performed to classify the region from the input hyperspectral image. The simulation outcome exhibits efficient and precise object classification is achieved by the proposed system in terms classified HSI object and processing time.

Keywords


Hyper cube; Hyperspectral image; Object classification; Pixel unmixing; Pure signature

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v12i6.pp6068-6078

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578