An intelligent system to detect slow denial of service attacks in software-defined networks

Prathima Mabel John, Rama Mohan Babu Kasturi Nagappasetty


Slow denial of service attack (DoS) is a tricky issue in software-defined network (SDN) as it uses less bandwidth to attack a server. In this paper, a slow-rate DoS attack called Slowloris is detected and mitigated on Apache2 and Nginx servers using a methodology called an intelligent system for slow DoS detection using machine learning (ISSDM) in SDN. Data generation module of ISSDM generates dataset with response time, the number of connections, timeout, and pattern match as features. Data are generated in a real environment using Apache2, Nginx server, Zodiac FX OpenFlow switch and Ryu controller. Monte Carlo simulation is used to estimate threshold values for attack classification. Further, ISSDM performs header inspection using regular expressions to mark flows as legitimate or attacked during data generation. The proposed feature selection module of ISSDM, called blended statistical and information gain (BSIG), selects those features that contribute best to classification. These features are used for classification by various machine learning and deep learning models. Results are compared with feature selection methods like Chi-square, T-test, and information gain.


machine learning; multi-layer perceptron; slow DoS attack; slowloris; software-defined network;

Full Text:



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578