Comparison analysis of different classification methods of power quality disturbances

Nur Adrinna Shafiqa Zakaria, Dalila Mat Said, Norzanah Rosmin, Nasarudin Ahmad, Mohamad Shazwan Shah Jamil, Sohrab Mirsaeidi

Abstract


Good power quality delivery has always been in high demand in power system utilities where different types of power quality disturbances are the main obstacles. As these disturbances have distinct characteristics and even unique mitigation techniques, their detection and classification should be correct and effective. In this study, eight different types of power quality disturbances were synthetically generated, by using a mathematical approach. Then, continuous wavelet transform (CWT) and discrete wavelet transform with multi-resolution analysis (DWT-MRA) were applied, which eight features were then extracted from the synthesized signals. Three classifiers namely, decision tree (DT), support vector machine (SVM) and k-nearest neighbors (KNN) were trained to classify these disturbances. The accuracy of the classifiers was evaluated and analyzed. The best classifier was then integrated with the full model, which the performance of the proposed model was observed with 50 random signals, with and without noise. This study found that wavelet-transform was effective to localize the disturbances at the instant of their occurrence. On the other hand, the SVM classifier is superior to other classifiers with an overall accuracy of 94%. Still, the need for these classifiers to be further optimized is crucial in ensuring a more effective detection and classification system.

Keywords


Decision tree; K-nearest neighbors; Power quality disturbances; Support vector machine; Wavelet transforms

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v12i6.pp5754-5764

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578