Proposed energy efficient clustering and routing for wireless sensor network

Gundeboyina Srinivasalu, Hanumanthappa Umadevi


Wireless sensor network (WSN) is considered a growing research field that includes numerous sensor nodes used to gather, process, and broadcast information. Energy efficiency is considered one of the challenging tasks in the WSN. The clustering and routing are considered capable approaches to solve the issues of energy efficiency and enhance the network’s lifetime. In this research, the multi-objective-energy based black widow optimization algorithm (M-EBWOA) is proposed to perform the cluster-based routing over the WSN. The M-EBWOA-based optimal cluster head discovery is used to assure an energy-aware routing over the WSN. The main goal of this M-EBWOA is to minimize the energy consumed by the nodes while improving the data delivery of the WSN. The performance of the M-EBWOA is analyzed as alive and dead nodes, dissipated energy, packets sent to base station, and life expectancy. The existing research such as low-energy adaptive clustering hierarchy (LEACH), hybrid grey wolf optimizer-based sunflower optimization (HGWSFO), genetic algorithm-particle swarm optimization (GA-PSO), and energy-centric multi-objective Salp Swarm algorithm (ECMOSSA) are used to evaluate the efficiency of M-EBWOA. The alive nodes of the M-EBWOA are 100 for 2,500 rounds, which is higher than the LEACH, HGWSFO, GA-PSO, and ECMOSSA.


energy consumption; life expectancy route generation; multi-objective-energy based black widow optimization algorithm; selection of cluster head; wireless sensor network;

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).