Programmable timer triggered energy harvesting wireless sensor-node using long range radio access technology

Deepesh Prakash Guragain, Ram Kaji Budhathoki, Pramod Ghimire


Despite widespread deployment of wireless sensor networks (WSN) in remote and inapproachable locations, energy consumption/storage of WSN hindered its adoption. Similarly, the battery-powered sensor nodes are of no use once the battery is depleted. To overcome this limitation, energy harvesting is one of the key techniques. In this paper, an almost perpetual self-powered sensor node is proposed. This sensor node uses a solar panel to harvest energy while the entire energy management is accomplished by BQ25570. Similarly, a super-capacitor is used as an energy storage unit with long range radio access (LoRa) as a transceiver unit. We measured the power generated/consumed continuously for 15 days with a transmission interval of 10 minutes. The result shows that this sensor node can potentially last for more than 7 days even at a low illuminance. Considering periodic wakeup at every 10 seconds with a sleep interval of 3 sec, a timer-triggered mechanism saves approximately 595 milliwatts of energy in one day compared to a deep-sleep mechanism. Furthermore, it is found that the application of the novel idea of external timer-driven technology in sensor node reduces energy consumption and provides a much efficient power optimization mechanism compared to the deep sleep mechanism that prevailed in WSNs technology.


BQ25570; energy harvesting; LoRa; programmable timer; super-capacitor; TPL5111; wireless sensor node;

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).