Photovoltaic parameters estimation of poly-crystalline and mono-crystalline modules using an improved population dynamic differential evolution algorithm

Ayong Hiendro, Ismail Yusuf, Fitriah Husin, Kho Hie Khwee


Photovoltaic (PV) parameters estimation from the experimental current and voltage data of PV modules is vital for monitoring and evaluating the performance of PV power generation systems. Moreover, the PV parameters can be used to predict current-voltage (I-V) behavior to control the power output of the PV modules. This paper aimed to propose an improved differential evolution (DE) integrated with a dynamic population sizing strategy to estimate the PV module model parameters accurately. This study used two popular PV module technologies, i.e., poly-crystalline and mono-crystalline. The optimized PV parameters were validated with the measured data and compared with other recent meta-heuristic algorithms. The proposed population dynamic differential evolution (PDDE) algorithm demonstrated high accuracy in estimating PV parameters and provided perfect approximations of the measured I-V and power-voltage (P-V) data from real PV modules. The PDDE obtained the best and the mean RMSE value of 2.4251E-03 on the poly-crystalline Photowatt-PWP201, while the best and the mean RMSE value on the mono-crystalline STM6-40/36 was 1.7298E-03. The PDDE algorithm showed outstanding accuracy performance and was competitive with the conventional DE and the existing algorithms in the literature.


current-voltage curve; differential evolution; photovoltaic parameter; single diode model; solar module;

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).