The effect of gamma value on support vector machine performance with different kernels

Intisar Shadeed Al-Mejibli, Jwan K. Alwan, Dhafar Hamed Abd


Currently, the support vector machine (SVM) regarded as one of supervised machine learning algorithm that provides analysis of data for classification and regression. This technique is implemented in many fields such as bioinformatics, face recognition, text and hypertext categorization, generalized predictive control and many other different areas. The performance of SVM is affected by some parameters, which are used in the training phase, and the settings of parameters can have a profound impact on the resulting engine’s implementation. This paper investigated the SVM performance based on value of gamma parameter with used kernels. It studied the impact of gamma value on (SVM) efficiency classifier using different kernels on various datasets descriptions. SVM classifier has been implemented by using Python. The kernel functions that have been investigated are polynomials, radial based function (RBF) and sigmoid. UC irvine machine learning repository is the source of all the used datasets. Generally, the results show uneven effect on the classification accuracy of three kernels on used datasets. The changing of the gamma value taking on consideration the used dataset influences polynomial and sigmoid kernels. While the performance of RBF kernel function is more stable with different values of gamma as its accuracy is slightly changed.


Support vector machine; Gamma ; Kernels ; Fourth keyword; Fifth keyword

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578

This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).