Design of computerized monitoring and processing system for magnetic field controlling against the phenomenon of black powder in crude oil pipelines

Hussain Attia, Saad Balhassan

Abstract


Black power represents the main difficulty faced by the oil flow in pipelines. The negative effect of this powder reaches to stop the oil flow due to clogging the pipelines, in addition to the damaging of the crude oil pumps. Many solutions against this phenomenon have been proposed in literature based on chemical or physical processes. On the other side, applying the fixed magnetic field has been presented in separation and extraction process of metal impurities in water pipelines applications. From these facts, and in order to avoid the high cost of conventional methods of black power removal, and in order to accelerate the system’s speed in terms of crude oil transmitting in pipelines, this paper proposes an alternative solution (idea, design, and methodology for future implementation) for the black power removing from oil pipelines. The proposed system works on firstly sensing the resistivity parameter in the crude oil as an indication about the oil status with respect to the quantity of the black powder particles, then works on monitoring and controlling the level, location, and polarity of the required magnetic field that to work on cracking particles cracking function that in order to facilitate the crude oil motion in the pipelines. In addition, the proposed solution presents a new design of electrical resistivity sensor as an important indication in terms of evaluating the proposed system performance.

Keywords


Alternative solution; Black powder; Computer system Controlled magnetic field; Conventional removal methods; Resistivity sensor



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v10i5.pp%25p
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