A Review on Photo Voltaic MPPT Algorithms

Saravana Selvan, Pratap Nair, Umayal Umayal

Abstract


A photovoltaic generator exhibits nonlinear voltage-current characteristics and its maximum power point varies with solar radiation and cell temperature. A Dc/Dc power converter is used to match the photovoltaic system to the load and to operate the PV (photo voltaic) cell array at maximum power point. Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) is a process which tracks one maximum power point from PV array input, varying the ratio between the voltage and current delivered to get the most power it can. There are different techniques proposed with lot of algorithms are being used in the MPPT controller to extract the maximum power. It is very difficult for the photo voltaic designers, researchers and academic experts to select a particular MPPT technique for a particular application which requires the background knowledge and comparative features of various MPPT algorithms. This paper will be avaluable source for those who work in the photo voltaic generation, so its objective is to review the main MPPT algorithms in practice and analyzes the merits and demerits with various factors.

Keywords


PV Array, MPPT Algorithms, Direct, Indirect and Intelligence Techniques

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v6i2.pp567-582
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ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578