Change Detection from Remotely Sensed Images Based on Stationary Wavelet Transform

Abhishek Sharma, Tarun Gulati

Abstract


The major issue of concern in change detection process is the accuracy of the algorithm to recover changed and unchanged pixels. The fusion rules presented in the existing methods could not integrate the features accurately which results in more number of false alarms and speckle noise in the output image. This paper proposes an algorithm which fuses two multi-temporal images through proposed set of fusion rules in stationary wavelet transform. In the first step, the source images obtained from log ratio and mean ratio operators are decomposed into three high frequency sub-bands and one low frequency sub-band by stationary wavelet transform. Then, proposed fusion rules for low and high frequency sub-bands are applied on the coefficient maps to get the fused wavelet coefficients map. The fused image is recovered by applying the inverse stationary wavelet transform (ISWT) on the fused coefficient map. Finally, the changed and unchanged areas are classified using Fuzzy c means clustering. The performance of the algorithm is calculated in terms of percentage correct classification (PCC), overall error (OE) and Kappa coefficient (Kc). The qualitative and quantitative results prove that the proposed method offers least error, highest accuracy and Kappa value as compare to its preexistences.

Keywords


change detection, stationary wavelet transform, image fusion, log ratio, mean ratio, fuzzy clustering,

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v7i6.pp3395-3401
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ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578