Non-contact Heart Rate Monitoring Analysis from Various Distances with different Face Regions

Norwahidah Ibrahim, Razali Tomari, Wan Nurshazwani Wan Zakaria, Nurmiza Othman

Abstract


Heart rate (HR) is one of vital biomedical signals for medical diagnosis. Previously, conventional camera is proven to be able to detect small changes in the skin due to the cardiac activity and can be used to measure the HR. However, most of the previous systems operate on near distance mode with a single face patch, thus the feasibility of the remote heart rate for various distances remains vague. This paper tackles this issue by analyzing an optimal framework that capable to works under the mentioned issues. Initially, plausible face landmarks are estimated by employing cascaded of regression mechanism. Next, the region of interest (ROI) was constructed from the landmarks in a face location where non rigid motion is minimal. From the ROI, temporal photoplethysmograph (PPG) signal is calculated based on the average green pixels intensity and environmental illumination is separated using Independent Component Analysis (ICA) filter. Eventually, the PPG signal is further processed using series of temporal filter to exclude frequencies outside the range of interest prior to estimate the HR. As a conclusion, the HR can be detected up to 5 meters range with 94% accuracy using lower part of face region.

Keywords


facial tracking, independent component analysis, non-contact heart rate, photoplethysmograph,

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v7i6.pp3030-3036
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ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578