Disaggregated Electricity Bill Base on Utilization factor and Time-of-use (ToU) Tariff

Nur Farahin Asa @ Esa, Md Pauzi Abdullah, Mohammad Yusri Hassan, Faridah Hussin


Time of Use tariff is introduced to motivate users to change their electricity usage pattern. Commonly the tariff is high during peak hours and relatively low during off peak hours, to encourage users to reduce consumption during peak hours or shift it to off-peak hours. This tariff scheme provides opportunities for building owners to reduce their electricity bill provided that their electricity usage patterns of various spaces in that building at every hour are known. In practice, the kWh meter installed by the utility can only provide the overall hourly electricity consumption pattern. To know the usage pattern of different spaces or rooms, separate individual meter need to be installed in each space/room, which is costly and impractical.  This paper presented the disaggregated electricity bill method based on user utilization factor and time of use (ToU) tariff. It estimates hourly electricity bill of each appliance at each space/room. Utilization factor is used to represent the electricity usage behavior of the occupants. The proposed method is applied on practical load profile data of a university building.


electricity bill, load disaggregation, load profile, time of use,

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v7i3.pp1498-1505
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ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578