High Speed Under-Sampling Frequency Measurements on FPGA

Seyed Ehsan Yasrebi Naeini, Ali Maroosi

Abstract


A Sampling rate is less than Nyquist rate in some applications because of hardware limitations. Consequently, extensive researches have been conducted on frequency detection from sub-sampled signals. Previous studies on under-sampling frequency measurements have mostly discussed under-sampling frequency detection in theory and suggested possible methods for fast under-sampling frequencies detection. This study examined few suggested methods on Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) for fast under-sampling frequencies measurement. Implementation of the suggested methods on FPGA has issues that make them improper for fast data processing. This study tastes and discusses different methods for frequency detection including Least Squares (LS), Direct State Space (DSS), Goertzel filter, Sliding DFT, Phase changes of Fast Furrier Transform (FFT), peak amplitude of FFT to conclude which one from these methods are suitable for fast under-sampling frequencies detection on FPGA. Moreover, our proposed approach for sub-sampling detection from real waveform has less complextity than previous approaches from complex waveform.

Keywords


chinese reminder theorem, field programmable gate arrays, frequency measurement, signal under-sampling, sub-nyquist sampling,

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v7i3.pp1316-1325
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