Maximum Power Point Tracking using Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm for Hybrid Wind-Tidal Harvesting System on the South Coast of Java

Fransisco Danang Wijaya, Kukuh Daud Pribadi, Sarjiya Sarjiya

Abstract


This paper proposes a hybrid wind-tidal harvesting system (HWTHS). To extract maximum power from the wind and tidal, HWTHS implements particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm in maximum power point tracking (MPPT) method. The proposed HWTHS had been tested on the range of possible input appropriate to the characteristics of the southern coast of Java. The presented result shows that by using PSO-based MPPT algorithm, maximum power point can be achieved. Thus the efficiency of HWTHS is 92 %, 94 % in wind section and 91 % in tidal section. By using PSO-based MPPT, HWTHS can respond well to changes in wind and tidal speed, whether it's a change from low speed to a higher speed or change from high speed to lower speed wherein time to reach new steady state is ± 0.1 s. At varied wind and tidal speed, PSO algorithm can maintain Cp of the system in the range of 0.47 - 0.48 so that power can be extracted to the maximum.

Keywords


MPPT, ocean energy, PSO, renewable energy, wind energy.

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v7i2.pp659-666
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ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578