Improved noisy gradient descent bit-flipping algorithm over Rayleigh fading channel

Reza Biazaran, Hermann Joseph Helgert


Gradient descent bit flipping (GDBF) and its many variants have offered remarkable improvements over legacy, or modified, bit flipping decoding techniques in case of decoding low density parity check (LDPC) codes. GDBF method and its many variants, such as noisy gradient descent bit flipping (NGDBF) have been extensively studied and their performances have been assessed over multiple channels such as binary symmetric channel (BSC), binary erasure channel (BEC) and additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel. However, performance of the said decoders in more realistic channels or channel conditions have not been equally studied. An improved noisy gradient descent bit flipping algorithm is proposed in this paper that optimally decodes LDPC encoded codewords over Rayleigh fading channel and under various fade rates. Comparing to NGDBF method, our proposed decoder provides substantial improvements in both error performance of the code, and in the number of iterations required to achieve the said error performance. It subsequently reduces the end-to-end latency in applications with low or ultra-low latency requirements.


bit flipping decoder; gradient descent bit flip; low density parity check code; Rayleigh fading channel; uncorrelated Rayleigh channel;

Full Text:



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578