A new feature extraction approach based on non linear source separation

Hela Elmannai, Mohamed Saber Naceur, Mohamed Anis Loghmari, Abeer AlGarni

Abstract


A new feature extraction approach is proposed in this paper to improve the classification performance in remotely sensed data. The proposed method is based on a pimary sources subset (PSS) obtained by nonlinear transform that provides lower space for land pattern recognition. First, the underlying sources are approximated using multilayer neural networks. Given that, Bayesian inferences update unknown sources’ knowledge and model parameters with information’s data. Then, a source dimension minimizing technique is adopted to provide more efficient land cover description. The support vector machine (SVM) scheme is developed by using feature extraction. The experimental results on real multispectral imagery demonstrates that the proposed approach ensures efficient feature extraction by using several descriptors for texture identification and multiscale analysis. In a pixel based approach, the reduced PSS space improved the overall classification accuracy by 13% and reaches 82%. Using texture and mutiresoltion descriptors, the overall accuracy is 75.87% for the original observations, while using the reduced source space the overall accuracy reaches 81.67% when using jointly wavelet and Gabor transform and 86.67% when using Gabor transform. Thus, the source space enhanced the feature extraction process and allow more land use discrimination than the multispectral observations.

Keywords


feature extraction; multilayer perceptron; non linear source separation bayesian inferences; remote sensing; support vector machine;



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v11i5.pp%25p

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578