A hybrid objective function with empirical stability aware to improve RPL for IoT applications

Abdelhadi Eloudrhiri Hassani, Aicha Sahel, Abdelmajid Badri, El Mourabit Ilham


The diverse applications of the Internet of Things (IoT) require adaptable routing protocol able to cope with several constraints. Thus, RPL protocol was designed to meet the needs for IoT networks categorized as low power and lossy networks (LLN). RPL uses an objective function based on specific metrics for preferred parents selection through these packets are sent to root. The single routing metric issue generally doesn’t satisfy all routing performance requirements, whereas some are improved others are degraded. In that purpose, we propose a Hybrid Objective Function with Empirical Stability Aware (HOFESA), implemented in the network layer of the embedded operating system CONTIKI, which combines linearly three weighty metrics namely hop count, RSSI and node energy consumption. Also, To remedy to frequent preferred parents changes problems caused by taking into account more than one metric, our proposal relies on static and empirical thresholds. The designed HOFESA, evaluated under COOJA emulator against Standard-RPL and EC-OF, showed a packet delivery ratio improvement, a decrease in the power consumption, the convergence time and DIO control messages as well as it gives network stability through an adequate churn.


combined metrics; contiki OS; IoT; objective function; RPL; WSN;

DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v11i3.pp%25p
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ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578