VANET-Based Traffic Monitoring and Incident Detection System: A Review

Mustafa Maad Hamdi


Vehicular ad hoc network (VANET), which is a subform of manet, has been identified as a component of intelligent transportation systems (ITS). It is established on the roads based on vehicles available and supporting infrastructures on the roads, such as base stations. An accident can be defined as any surrounding or environmental activity that may be harmful or dangerous to human life. The purpose of this paper is to assess the strengths and limitations of the available incident detection technologies and the corresponding processing algorithms. This paper discusses the current issue and challenges in incident detection in VANET technology. the paper also reviews and study the recently proposed methods of early incident techniques.


VANET, Traffic Monitoring Centre, Incident detection, incident management, Early Detection


S. Alani, Z. Zakaria, and M. M. Hamdi, “A study review on mobile ad-hoc network: Characteristics, applications, challenges and routing protocols classification,” Int. J. Adv. Sci. Technol., vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 394–405, 2019.

S. A. Rashid, L. Audah, M. M. Hamdi, and S. Alani, “Prediction based efficient multi-hop clustering approach with adaptive relay node selection for VANET,” J. Commun., vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 332–344, 2020, doi: 10.12720/jcm.15.4.332-344.

M. M. Hamdi, L. Audah, S. A. Rashid, S. Mustafa, and M. S. Abood, “A Survey on Data Dissemination and Routing Protocol in VANET : Types , Challenges , opportunistic and Future Role Faculty of Information and Electronics Engineering , Beijing Institute of,” vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 6473–6482, 2020.

A. Baiocchi, F. Cuomo, M. De Felice, and G. Fusco, “Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks sampling protocols for traffic monitoring and incident detection in Intelligent Transportation Systems,” Transp. Res. Part C Emerg. Technol., vol. 56, pp. 177–194, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.trc.2015.03.041.

W. Xu, Wu, Daneshmand, Liu, “A data privacy protective mechanism for WBAN,” Wirel. Commun. Mob. Comput., no. February 2015, pp. 421–430, 2015, doi: 10.1002/wcm.

H. Lu, J. Li, and M. Guizani, “A novel ID-based authentication framework with adaptive privacy preservation for VANETs,” 2012 Comput. Commun. Appl. Conf. ComComAp 2012, pp. 345–350, 2012, doi: 10.1109/ComComAp.2012.6154869.

S. Alani, Z. Zakaria, and H. Lago, “A new energy consumption technique for mobile Ad-Hoc networks,” Int. J. Electr. Comput. Eng., vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 4147–4153, 2019, doi: 10.11591/ijece.v9i5.pp4147-4153.

A. S. Al-ahmad and H. Kahtan, “Intelligent Computing & Optimization,” vol. 866, no. November 2018, pp. 267–276, 2019, doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-00979-3.

O. S. Al-Heety, Z. Zakaria, M. Ismail, M. M. Shakir, S. Alani, and H. Alsariera, “A Comprehensive Survey: Benefits, Services, Recent Works, Challenges, Security, and Use Cases for SDN-VANET,” IEEE Access, vol. 8, no. May, pp. 91028–91047, 2020, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2992580.

H. S. Mahmassani, “Evaluation of Incident Detection Methodologies (FHWA/TX-00/1795-1),” 1999.

J. A. Lindley, “Urban freeway congestion: quantification of the problem and effectiveness of potential solutions.,” ITE J., vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 27–32, 1987.

J. Lu, S. Chen, W. Wang, and B. Ran, “Automatic traffic incident detection based on nFOIL,” Expert Syst. Appl., vol. 39, no. 7, pp. 6547–6556, 2012, doi: 10.1016/j.eswa.2011.12.050.

H. Lee, “Algorithms To Improve The Quality Of Freeway Traffic Detector Data,” no. October, 2012.

J. Wang, E. R. Case, and D. Manor, “The road traffic microwave sensor (RTMS),” Conf. Rec. Pap. Present. 3rd Veh. Navig. Inf. Syst. Conf. 1992, VNIS 1992, pp. 83–90, 1992, doi: 10.1109/VNIS.1992.639938.

P. H. Masters, “An Advanced Traffic Management System,” 2018.

Y. Zeng, D. Li, and A. V. Vasilakos, “Opportunistic fleets for road event detection in vehicular sensor networks,” Wirel. Networks, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 503–521, 2016, doi: 10.1007/s11276-015-0976-2.

Y. Feng, J. Hourdos, and G. A. Davis, “Probe vehicle based real-time traffic monitoring on urban roadways,” Transp. Res. Part C Emerg. Technol., vol. 40, pp. 160–178, 2014, doi: 10.1016/j.trc.2014.01.010.

Q. Yuan, Z. Liu, J. Li, J. Zhang, and F. Yang, “A traffic congestion detection and information dissemination scheme for urban expressways using vehicular networks,” Transp. Res. Part C Emerg. Technol., vol. 47, no. P2, pp. 114–127, 2014, doi: 10.1016/j.trc.2014.08.001.

A. Pascale, H. T. Lam, and R. Nair, “Characterization of network traffic processes under adaptive traffic control systems,” Transp. Res. Procedia, vol. 9, pp. 205–224, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.trpro.2015.07.012.

M. Fogue, “A Realistic Prototype for Automatic Accident Detection and Assistance through Vehicular Networks,” vol. 7, 2012, doi: 10.1109/MVT.2012.2203877.The.

T. Dalai, “Emergency Alert and Service for Automotives for India,” vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 8–12, 2013.

D. P. Mohapatra and S. Patnaik, Intelligent Computing , Networking , and Informatics, no. June. 2013.

C. PRABHA, R. SUNITHA, and R. ANITHA, “Automatic Vehicle Accident Detection and Messaging System Using GSM and GPS Modem,” Int. J. Adv. Res. Electr. Electron. Instrum. Eng., vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 10723–10727, 2014, doi: 10.15662/ijareeie.2014.0307062.

P. Javale, S. Gadgil, C. Bhargave, Y. Kharwandikar, and P. V. Nandedkar, “Accident Detection and Surveillance System using Wireless Technologies,” IOSR J. Comput. Eng., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 38–43, 2014, doi: 10.9790/0661-162103843.

H. Ghafoor and I. Koo, “Spectrum-Aware Geographic Routing in Cognitive Vehicular Ad Hoc Network Using a Kalman Filter,” J. Sensors, vol. 2016, 2016, doi: 10.1155/2016/8572601.

V. Praveena, A. R. Sankar, S. Jeyabalaji, and V. Srivatsan, “Ijettcs-2014-10-24-96,” vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 222–225, 2014.

O. Abedi, R. Berangi, and M. A. Azgomi, “Improving Route Stability and Overhead on AODV  Routing Protocol and Make it Usable for VANET,” pp. 464–467, 2009, doi: 10.1109/icdcsw.2009.88.

H. Feng, C. Liu, Y. Shu, and O. W. W. Yang, “Location Prediction of Vehicles in VANETs Using A Kalman Filter,” Wirel. Pers. Commun., vol. 80, no. 2, pp. 543–559, 2014, doi: 10.1007/s11277-014-2025-3.

L. Liu, C. Chen, T. Qiu, M. Zhang, S. Li, and B. Zhou, “A data dissemination scheme based on clustering and probabilistic broadcasting in VANETs,” Veh. Commun., vol. 13, no. April 2019, pp. 78–88, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.vehcom.2018.05.002.

A. Ullah, S. Yaqoob, M. Imran, and H. Ning, “Emergency Message Dissemination Schemes Based on Congestion Avoidance in VANET and Vehicular FoG Computing,” IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 1570–1585, 2019, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2887075.

F. Yousefi, E. Khamespanah, and M. Gharib, “VeriVANca : An Actor-Based Framework for Formal Verification of Warning Message Dissemination Schemes in VANETs.”

S. S. Shah, A. W. Malik, A. U. Rahman, S. Iqbal, and S. U. Khan, “Time Barrier-Based Emergency Message Dissemination in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks,” IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 16494–16503, 2019, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2895114.

M. Ali, A. W. Malik, and A. U. Rahman, “Position-based emergency message dissemination for Internet of vehicles,” vol. 15, no. 7, 2019, doi: 10.1177/1550147719861585.

W. Liu, X. Tang, S. Jia, and J. Pu, “Safety Message Dissemination Using Edge Computing in Heterogeneous VANETs,” 2018 IEEE 27th Int. Symp. Ind. Electron., pp. 1276–1281.

S. Benkerdagh, “Cluster-based emergency message dissemination strategy for VANET using V2V communication,” no. December 2017, pp. 1–24, 2019, doi: 10.1002/dac.3897.

S. Shafi and D. V. Ratnam, “A Cross Layer Cluster Based Routing Approach for Efficient Multimedia Data Dissemination with Improved Reliability in VANETs,” Wirel. Pers. Commun., no. 0123456789, 2019, doi: 10.1007/s11277-019-06377-z.

W. Benrhaiem, A. Hafid, and P. K. Sahu, “ro of ro,” pp. 1–13, 2019.

X. Zhang, M. Ieee, Q. Miao, and Y. Li, “An Adaptive Link Quality Based Safety Message Dissemination Scheme for Urban VANETs,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. PP, no. c, p. 1, 2018, doi: 10.1109/LCOMM.2018.2859975.

E. Garcia-lozano, C. T. Barba, and C. Campo, “A distributed , bandwidth-efficient accident prevention system for interurban VANETs.”

P. Gokulakrishnan and P. Ganeshkumar, “Road Accident Prevention with Instant Emergency Warning Message Dissemination in Vehicular Ad-Hoc Network,” pp. 1–36, 2015, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0143383.

H. S. Dawood and Y. Wang, “An Efficient Emergency Message Broadcasting Scheme in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks,” vol. 2013, 2013.

A. Royt and J. Chakraborty, “Communication Based Accident Avoidance and Congestion Control Mechanism in V ANETs,” 2015.

J. Nzouonta, N. Rajgure, G. G. Wang, and C. Borcea, “VANET Routing on City Roads Using Real-Time Vehicular Traffic Information,” vol. 58, no. 7, pp. 3609–3626, 2009.

A. Aldegheishem, H. Yasmeen, H. Maryam, and M. A. Shah, “Smart Road Traffic Accidents Reduction Strategy Based on Intelligent Transportation Systems ( TARS ),” doi: 10.3390/s18071983.

Total views : 0 times

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578