The Quality of Service of the Deployed LTE Technology by Mobile Network Operators in Abuja-Nigeria

Aiyudubie Samson Uyi


In this study, Long-term evolution (LTE) cellular system practical performance analysis focused on-field results obtained from mobile network operators (MNOs) namely MTN, GLO, Airtel, and 9Mobile in Nigeria. MNOs utilize the 5MHz, 10MH, and 20MHz channel bandwidths based on 3GPP’s (Third-Generation Partnership Project’s) standard. The presented analysis shows the Uplink (UL) and Downlink (DL) throughputs in mobility conditions in addition to other sections of Long Term Evolution system quality of service (QoS) key performance Indicators (KPI’s) of connection drop rate, connection failure rate, peak physical downlink throughput, minimum radio link control (RLC) downlink throughput threshold and latency. Comparative studies are performed between the Nigerian MNOs and it was observed that MTN provides the best QoS. The introduction of novel LTE QoS metrics herein referred to as National Independent Wireless Broadband Quality Reporting (NIWBQR) is the major contribution of this study. The goal of this study is to show the quality of the network as it affects users' experience. It was clearly shown in the study that all the MNOs are not adhering to the 3GPP’s specified user plane latency of 30ms and control plane latency of 100ms respectively. Which makes video streaming and low latency communication a near-impossible task.


LTE technology, QoS, Downlink throughput, Uplink throughput and RRC connection drop rate


NCC, "Industry Statistics - Nigerian Communications Commission,", 2018.

E. Agwu and A.-L. Carter, "Mobile phone banking in Nigeria: benefits, problems and prospects," 2018.

H. U. Khan and A. C. Ejike, "An assessment of the impact of mobile banking on traditional banking in Nigeria," International Journal of Business Excellence, vol. 11, pp. 446-463, 2017.

E. Dahlman, S. Parkvall, and J. Skold, 4G: LTE/LTE-advanced for mobile broadband: Academic press, 2013.

E. Inc, ""

H. Zarrinkoub, Understanding LTE with MATLAB: From Mathematical Modeling to Simulation and Prototyping: John Wiley & Sons, 2014.

A. M. Ghaleb, D. Chieng, A. Ting, A. Abdulkafi, K.-C. Lim, and H.-S. Lim, "Throughput performance insights of LTE Release 8: Malaysia's perspective," in Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC), 2013 9th International, 2013, pp. 258-263.

J. Huang, F. Qian, Y. Guo, Y. Zhou, Q. Xu, Z. M. Mao, et al., "An in-depth study of LTE: effect of network protocol and application behavior on performance," ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review, vol. 43, pp. 363-374, 2013.

A. P. Iyer, I. Stoica, M. Chowdhury, and L. E. Li, "Fast and Accurate Performance Analysis of LTE Radio Access Networks," arXiv preprint arXiv:1605.04652, 2016.

J. Huang, F. Qian, A. Gerber, Z. M. Mao, S. Sen, and O. Spatscheck, "A close examination of performance and power characteristics of 4G LTE networks," in Proceedings of the 10th international conference on Mobile systems, applications, and services, 2012, pp. 225-238.

M. Z. Shafiq, J. Erman, L. Ji, A. X. Liu, J. Pang, and J. Wang, "Understanding the impact of network dynamics on mobile video user engagement," in ACM SIGMETRICS Performance Evaluation Review, 2014, pp. 367-379.

A. ALCATEL-LUCENT, "9959 network performance optimizer. 9959-network-performance-optimizer," 2014.

E. ERICSSON, " Ericsson RAN analyzer.," 2014.

G. RP-170779, "Study on enhanced LTE support for aerial vehicles, NTT DOCOMO, Ericsson, March 2017. Online:"

G. T. 36.777, "Enhanced LTE support for aerial vehicles, Online: Accessed on January 30, 2018.."

X. Lin, R. Wiren, S. Euler, A. Sadam, H.-L. Maattanen, S. D. Muruganathan, et al., "Mobile networks connected drones: Field trials, simulations, and design insights," arXiv preprint arXiv:1801.10508, 2018.

O. E. Agboje, S. O. Adedoyin, and C. U. Ndujiuba, "State of Fiber Optic Networks for Internet Broadband Penetration in Nigeria-A Review," International Journal of Optoelectronic Engineering, vol. 7, pp. 1-12, 2017.

N. C. Commission, "2014 Year End Subscriber/Network Data Report for Telecommunication Operating Companies in Nigeria," ed, 2014.

3GPP, "3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical specification group radio access network; Evolved universal terrestrial radio access (E-UTRA); User equipment (UE) radio transmission and reception," Technical Specification, vol. 36.101, V8.15.0, 2011.

3GPP, "3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical specification group radio access network; Evolved universal terrestrial radio access (E-UTRA); Physical channels and modulation," Technical Specification, vol. 36.21,1V8.9.0, 2009.

T. O. Takpor and F. E. Idachaba, “Analysis and Simulation of LTE Downlink and Uplink Transceiver,” vol. I, pp. 2–7, 2014.

O. O. Oni, A. A. A. Atayero, F. E. Idachaba, and A. S. Alatishe, “LTE Networks : Benchmarks , Prospects and Deployment Limitation,” vol. I, 2014.

Total views : 0 times

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578