Experimental Study for the effect of Dust Cleaning on the Performance of Grid-Tied Photovoltaic Solar Systems

Hatim Ghadhban Abood


One of the main challenges facing investment in photovoltaic (PV) energy is the accumulation of dust on the surface of solar panels due to frequent dust storms in many countries, including Iraq. Surface dust particles reduce solar irradiance which declining the electrical performance of the PV solar systems. Therefore, this paper proposes an experimental study to analyze and evaluate the power efficiency of a PV system installed in Baghdad city, Iraq. The performance of dusty solar PV array is compared with that of the clean array of the same PV system. The clean solar array is equipped with an automatic-sprayer cleaning system that is powered by the PV system. The automatic cleaning system utilized in the test system reduces human effort by cleaning the PV array using closed-cycle water with low energy consumption (less than 10 Wh). The PV array under test is part of a 15 kW grid-tied PV system. The experimental results show significant improvement in the performance parameters of efficiency, performance ratio, and the energy gain compared to the clean array. Furthermore, the experimental study contributes to a reduction in CO2 emission, which is substantial for the Iraqi environment that suffers from predominate fossil-fuel power plants.


Dust deposition; photovoltaic systems; solar radiance; Renewable DG


R. Sadiq, H. Karunathilake, and K. Hewage, “Renewable energy selection for net-zero energy communities : Life cycle based decision making under uncertainty,” Renew. Energy, vol. 130, pp. 558–573, 2019.

A. Z. Abass and D. A. Pavlyuchenko, “The exploitation of western and southern deserts in Iraq for the production of solar energy,” Int. J. Electr. Comput. Eng., vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 4617–4624, 2019.

O. A. M. Omar, N. M. Badra, and M. A. Attia, “Enhancement of On-grid PV System under Irradiance and Temperature Variations Using New Optimized Adaptive Controller,” Int. J. Electr. Comput. Eng., vol. 8, no. 5, p. 2650, 2018.

B. Weber, A. Quiñones, R. Almanza, and M. D. Duran, “Performance Reduction of PV Systems by Dust Deposition,” Energy Procedia, vol. 57, pp. 99–108, 2014.

M. Mani and R. Pillai, “Impact of dust on solar photovoltaic ( PV ) performance : Research status , challenges and recommendations,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 14, pp. 3124–3131, 2010.

A. F. Atwan, N. K. Kasim, and A. H. Shneishil, “PV solar panel performance under the effect of dust in Baghdad,” in Atti della Fondazione Giorgio Ronchi, Fondazione Giorgio Ronchi, 2012, pp. 379–388.

A. H. Ali, H. S. Hamad, and A. A. Abdulrazzaq, “Performance Investigation of Grid Connected Photovoltaic System Modelling Based on MATLAB Simulation,” Int. J. Electr. Comput. Eng., vol. 8, no. 6, p. 4847, 2018.

N. K. Kasim, A. J. Al-Wattar, K. K. Abbas, and A. F. Atwan, “Evaluating the performance of fixed solar panels relative to the tracking Solar Panels under natural deposition of dust,” Baghdad Sci. J., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 544–555, 2019.

H. Rezk, I. Tyukhov, and A. Raupov, “Experimental implementation of meteorological data and photovoltaic solar radiation monitoring system,” Int. Trans. Electr. energy Syst., vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 3573–3585, 2015.

S. Rehman and I. El-amin, “Performance evaluation of an off-grid photovoltaic system in Saudi Arabia,” Energy, vol. 46, pp. 451–458, 2012.

M. Al-housani and Y. Bicer, “Assessment of Various Dry Photovoltaic Cleaning Techniques and Frequencies on the Power Output of CdTe-Type Modules in Dusty Environments,” Sustain. Artic., vol. 11, no. 10, p. 2850, 2019.

K. Moharram, M. Abd-Elhady, H. Kandil, and H. El-Sherif, “Influence of cleaning using water and surfactants on the performance of photovoltaic panels,” Energy Convers. Manag., vol. 68, pp. 266–272, 2013.

M. Jaszczur et al., “The field experiments and model of the natural dust deposition effects on photovoltaic module efficiency,” Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 8402–8417, 2019.

H. Kawamoto and S. Takuya, “Electrostatic cleaning system for removal of sand from solar panels,” J. Electrostat., vol. 73, pp. 65–70, 2015.

M. A. Al-Nimr and W. A. M. Al-Shohani, “Performance of photovoltaic module for different sites in Iraq,” Arab. J. Sci. Eng., vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 277–283, 2013.

K. A. Kadhum and M. A. Rasheed, “Some Characteristics of Sand and Dust Storm Sources in Iraq,” in 2018 2nd International Conference for Engineering, Technology and Sciences of Al-Kitab (ICETS), 2018, pp. 11–15.

SANYO Component Europe GMBH, “HIT Double Photovoltaic module,” SANYO. [Online]. Available: https://zonnepanelen.net/nl/pdf/panels/SANYO_HIT-210_205__200_DNKHE1__EN_.pdf. [Accessed: 20-Mar-2020].

J. C. Ogbulezie, A. O. Njok, M. K. Panjwani, and S. K. Panjwani, “The impact of high temperature and irradiance source on the efficiency of polycrystalline photovoltaic panel in a controlled environment,” Int. J. Electr. Comput. Eng., vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 3942–3947, 2020.

SMA SunnyTripower, “Sunny Tripower 15000Tl / 20000Tl / 25000Tl,” 2019. [Online]. Available: https://files.sma.de/dl/24336/STP25000TL-30-DES1742-V31web.pdf.

N. K. Kasim, A. J. Al-Wattar, K. K. Abbas, and A. F. Atwan, “Evaluating the performance of fi xed solar panels relative to the tracking Solar Panels under natural deposition of dust,” Baghdad Sci. J., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 244–255, 2019.

A. Y. Al-Hasan, “A New Correlation for Direct Beam Solar Radiation Received by Photovoltaic Panel with Sand Dust Accumulated on Its Surface,” Sol. Energy, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 323–333, 1998.

N. M. Obaid, N. K. Kasim, and E. T. Hashim, “Performance Assessment of First Grid – tied PV Solar System under Baghdad City Climate Condition,” Iraqi J. Sci. Technol., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 63–71, 2019.

N. K. Kasim, H. H. Hussain, and A. N. Abed, “Performance Analysis of Grid-Connected CIGS PV Solar System and Comparison with PVsyst Simulation Program,” Int. J. SMART GRID, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 1–8, 2019.

“Rain Bird 12Van Nozzle Only 12’,” amazon, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://saudi.souq.com/sa-en/rain-bird-12van-nozzle-only-12-33324033/i/#description.

N. S. B. Rukman, A. Fudholi, I. Taslim, M. A. Indrianti, and I. N. Manyoe, “Overview on recent photovoltaic module cooling methods: Advances PVT systems,” Int. J. Electr. Comput. Eng., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 15–21, 2020.

DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v11i1.pp%25p
Total views : 0 times

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578