A short-term hybrid forecasting model for time series electrical-load data using random forest and bidirectional long short-term memory

Zannatul Ferdoush, Booshra Nazifa Mahmud, Amitabha Chakrabarty, Jia Uddin


In the presence of the deregulated electric industry, load forecasting is more demanded than ever to ensure the execution of applications such as energy generation, pricing decisions, resource procurement, and infrastructure development. This paper presents a hybrid machine learning model for short-term load forecasting (STLF) by applying random forest and bidirectional long short-term memory to acquire the benefits of both methods. In the experimental evaluation, we used a Bangladeshi electricity consumption dataset of 36 months. The paper provides a comparative study between the proposed hybrid model and state-of-art models using performance metrics, loss analysis, and prediction plotting. Empirical results demonstrate that the hybrid model shows better performance than the standard long short-term memory and the bidirectional long short-term memory models by exhibiting more accurate forecast results.


Long short-term memory bidirectional long short-term memory; short term load forecasting random forest;

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijece.v11i1.pp763-771

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International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE)
p-ISSN 2088-8708, e-ISSN 2722-2578